Preview

Медицинский Совет

Расширенный поиск

Лечение больных эрозивным эзофагитом современный взгляд на проблему

https://doi.org/10.21518/2079-701X-2018-6-96-103

Полный текст:

Аннотация

Гастроэзофагеальная рефлюксная болезнь – одно из наиболее широко встречающихся заболеваний гастроэнтерологического профиля. Выделяют несколько форм заболеваний, в том числе неэрозивную форму, эрозивный эзофагит, пищевод Барретта. В статье представлен обзор средств, использующихся для лечения эрозивной формы ГЭРБ и длительной поддерживающей терапии с позиций доказательной медицины. Основными целями лечения эрозивного эзофагита являются заживление повреждений слизистой оболочки пищевода, обеспечение длительной ремиссии заболевания, нормализация качества жизни больных. В настоящее время основой терапии эрозивного эзофагита являются ингибиторы протонной помпы (ИПП). Эти препараты используются на всех этапах лечения как для купирования симптомов, так и для заживления повреждений слизистой оболочки пищевода, а также в составе длительной поддерживающей терапии. Ввиду необходимости длительного использования ИПП закономерно возникают вопросы об их безопасности. В публикациях последних лет отмечена возможность увеличения рисков развития хронической болезни почек, инфаркта миокарда, пневмоний, развития дефицита кальция, магния, железа, витамина В12. В то же время анализ исследований, лежащих в основе наличия рисков длительного использования ИПП, выявляет ряд существенных недостатков, уменьшающих их доказательную ценность. В настоящей работе приведены данные о наиболее часто обсуждаемых рисках и их критическая оценка.

Об авторах

С. В. Морозов
Федеральный исследовательский центр питания и биотехнологии, Москва
Россия
к.м.н.


Ю. А. Кучерявый
Московский государственный медико-стоматологический университет им. А.И. Евдокимова Минздрава России
Россия
к.м.н.


В. С. Кропочев
Федеральный исследовательский центр питания и биотехнологии, Москва
Россия


Список литературы

1. Vakil N, van Zanten SV, Kahrilas P et al. The Montreal definition and classification of gas-troesophageal reflux disease: a global evidence-based consensus. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006, 101(8): 1900–1943.

2. Shaheen N J, Hansen R A, Morgan D Ret al. The burden of gastrointestinal and liver diseases, 2006. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 2006, 101(9): 2128–2138.

3. Dent J, El-Serag H B, Wallander M A, Johansson S. Epidemiology of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease: a systematic review. Gut, 2005, 54(5): 710–717.

4. Blot WJ. Esophageal cancer trends and risk factors. Seminars in Oncology, 1994: 21(4): 403–410.

5. Wahlqvist P, Reilly MC, Barkun A. Systematic review: the impact of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease on work productivity. Alimentary Pharma-co logy and Therapeutics, 2006, 24(2): 259–272.

6. El-Serag HB. Time trends of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a systematic review. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2007, 5(1): 17–26.

7. Engel L S, Chow WH, Vaughan TL et al. Population attributable risks of esophageal and gastric cancers. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2003, 95(18): 1404–1413.

8. Sontag SJ, Sonnenberg A, Schnell TG et al. The long-term natural history of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 2006, 40(5): 398–404.

9. Agrawal A, Castell D. GERD is chronic but not progressive. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology, 2006, 40(5): 374–375.

10. Bardhan KD, Royston C, Nayyar AK. Reflux rising! An essay on witnessing a disease in evolution. Dig Liver Dis, 2006, 38: 163-168.

11. ass R, Ofman J. Gastroesophageal reflux disease–should we adopt a new conceptual framework? Am J Gastroenterol, 2002, 97: 1901-1909.

12. Nwokediuko SC. Current trends in the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a review. ISRN Gastroenterol, 2012, 2012: 391631. doi: 10.5402/2012/391631.

13. Морозов С.В., Кучерявый Ю.А. Гастроэзофагеальная рефлюксная болезнь: формы заболевания и особенности их лечения. Лечебное дело (журнал), 2015, 4: 21-30.

14. Исаков В.А., Морозов С.В., Ставраки Е.С., Комаров Р.С. Анализ Распространенности Изжоги: национальное эпидемиологическое исследование взрослого городского населения (АРИАДНА). Экспериментальная и клиническая гастроэнтерология, 2008, 1: 20-30.

15. Mandel KG, Daggy BP, Brodie DA, Jacoby HI. Review article: alginate-raft formations in the treatment of heartburn and acid reflux. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2000, 14: 669-690.

16. Ritschel WA. Antacids and Other Drugs in GI Diseases. Hamilton, IL, USA: Drug Intelligence Publications, Inc., 1984.

17. Washington N. Antacids and Anti-Reflux Agents. Boca Raton, FL, USA: CRC Press Inc., 1991: 127.

18. ones R, Lydeard S. Prevalence of symptoms of dyspepsia in the community. Lancet, 1989, 1: 47-51.

19. Vatier J, Celice-Pingaud C, Farinotti R. A com-puterized artificial stomach model to assess sodium alginate-induced pH gradient. Int J Pharmaceut, 1998, 163: 225-9.

20. night LC, Maurer AH, Ammar IA et al. Use of 111In-labeled alginate to study the pH dependence of alginic acid anti-esophageal refux barrier. Int J Rad Appl Instrum (B), 1988, 15: 563-71.

21. May HA, Wilson CG, Hardy JG. Monitoring radiolabeled antacid preparations in the stomach. Inter J Pharmaceutics, 1984, 19: 169-76.

22. Malmud LS, Charles ND, Littlefield J, et al. The mode of action of alginic acid compound in the reduction of gastroesophageal reflux. J Nuc Med, 1979, 20: 1023-8.

23. Goodall JS, Orwin JM, Imrie MJ. A combined pH and X-ray study of liquid alginate/antacid formulation using a novel X-ray contrast medium. Acta Therapeutica, 1977, 3: 141-53.

24. Washington N, Parker MA, Steele RJC, et al. Time to onset of action of sodium alginate, ranitidine, omeprazole and water based on oesophageal pH. Gastroenterology, 1999, 116: A350(Abstract).

25. Uzan M, Uzan S, Surean C, Richard-Berthe C. Heartburn and regurgitation in pregnancy. Efficacy and innocuousness of treatment with Gaviscon suspension. Rev Fr Gynecol Obst, 1988, 83: 569-72.

26. Lang GD, Dougall A. Comparative study of Algicon suspension and magnesium trisilicate mixture in the treatment of reflux dyspepsia of pregnancy. Br J Clin Pract, 1990, 66: 48-51.

27. Modlin IM, Hunt RH, Malfertheiner P et al. Diagnosis and Management of Non-Erosive Reflux Disease – The Vevey NERD Consensus Group. Digestion, 2009, 80: 74–88.

28. Langen ML, van Zanten SV. Does the evidence show that prokinetic agents are effective in healing esophagitis and improving symptoms of GERD? Open Medicine, 2007, 1(3): 181–3.

29. Kim YS, Kim TH, Choi CS et al. Effect of ito-pride, a new prokinetic, in patients with mild GERD: A pilot study. World J Gastroenterol, 2005, 11(27): 4210-4214.

30. Ndraha S. Combination of PPI with a prokinetic drug in GERD. Acta Med Indones-Indones J Intern Med, 2011, 43 (4): 233-236.

31. Manzotti ME, Catalano HN, Serrano FA et al. Prokinetic drug utility in the treatment of gas-troesophageal reflux esophagitis: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Open Med, 2007, 1(3): 171-80.

32. Jones DB, Howden CW, Burget DW, et al. Acid suppression in duodenal ulcer: a meta-analysis to define optimal dosing with antisecretory drugs. Gut, 1987, 28: 1120–1127.

33. Khan M, Santana J, Donnellan C, et al. Medical treatments in the short term management of reflux oesophagitis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2007, 2: CD003244.

34. Исаков В.А. Ингибиторы протонного насоса: их свойства и применение в гастроэнтерологии. М.: ИКЦ «Академкнига», 2001. 304 с.

35. Kahrilas PJ, Shaheen NJ, Vaezi MF, et al. American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement on the management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology, 2008, 135: 1383–1391.

36. Katz PO, Gerson LB, Vela MF. Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol, 2013, 108: 308–328.

37. Bell NJ, Hunt RH. Role of gastric acid suppression in the treatment of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Gut, 1992 Jan, 33(1): 118-24.

38. Lind T, Rydberg L, Kyleback A, et al. Esomeprazole provides improved acid control vs omeprazole In patients with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2000, 14: 861–7.

39. Rohss K, Hasselgren G, Hedenstrom H. Effect of esomeprazole 40 mg vs omeprazole 40 mg on 24-hour intragastric pH in patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Dig Dis Sci, 2002, 47: 954–8

40. Wilder-Smith CH, Rohss K, Nilsson-Pieschl C, et al. Esomeprazole 40 mg provides improved intragastric acid control as compared with lansoprazole 30 mg and rabeprazole 20 mg in healthy volunteers. Digestion, 2003, 68: 184–8.

41. Miner PJr, Katz PO, Chen Y, et al. Gastric acid control with esomeprazole, lansoprazole, omeprazole, pantoprazole, and rabeprazole: a five-way crossover study. Am J Gastroenterol, 2003, 98: 2616–20.

42. Rohss K, Lind T, Wilder-Smith C. Esomeprazole 40 mg provides more effective intragastric acid control than lansoprazole 30 mg, omeprazole 20 mg, pantoprazole 40 mg and rabeprazole 20 mg in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms. Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 2004, 60: 531–9.

43. Miehlke S, Madisch A, Kirsch C, et al. Intragastric acidity during treatment with esomeprazole 40 mg twice daily or pantoprazole 40 mg twice daily – a randomized, two-way crossover study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2005, 21: 963–7

44. Johnson DA, Stacy T, Ryan M, et al. A comparison of esomeprazole and lansoprazole for control of intragastric pH in patients with symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2005, 22: 129–34

45. Simon B, Muller P, Pascu O, et al. Intra-oeso phageal pH profiles and pharmacokinetics of pantoprazole and esomeprazole: a crossover study in patients with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol, 2003, 15: 791–9.

46. Морозов С.В., Исаков В.А., Цодикова О.М. Влияние эзомепразола и рабепразола на закисление пищевода у больных гастроэзофагеальной рефлюксной болезнью, интенсивно метаболизирующих ингибиторы протонного насоса. Терапевтический архив, 2005, 2: 21-25

47. Kalaitzakis E, Björnsson E. A review of esomeprazole in the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management, 2007, 3(4): 653-663.

48. Vakil N, Fennerty MB. Direct comparative trials of the efficacy of proton pump inhibitors in the management of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2003, 18(6): 559-68.

49. Li MJ, Li Q, Sun M, Liu LQ. Comparative effectiveness and acceptability of the FDA-licensed proton pump inhibitors for erosive esophagitis: A PRISMA-compliant network meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore), 2017, 96(39): e8120. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000008120. PubMed PMID: 28953640.

50. Kukulka M, Eisenberg C, Nudurupati S. Comparator pH study to evaluate the singledose pharmacodynamics of dual delayedrelease dexlansoprazole 60mg and delayedrelease esomeprazole 40 mg. Clin Exp Gastroenterol, 2011, 4: 213–20.

51. DeVault KR, Castell DO. Updated guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Am J Gastroenterol, 2005, 100: 190–200

52. Moayyedi P, Talley NJ. Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. Lancet, 2006, 367: 2086–100.

53. Johnson DA, Benjamin SB, Vakil NB, et al. Esomeprazole once daily for 6 months is effective therapy for maintaining healed erosive esophagitis and for controlling gastroesophageal reflux disease symptoms: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of efficacy and safety. Am J Gastroenterol, 2001, 96: 27–34.

54. Lauritsen K, Deviere J, Bigard MA, et al. Esomeprazole 20 mg and lansoprazole 15 mg in maintaining healed reflux oesophagitis: Metropole study results. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2003, 17: 333–41.

55. Labenz J, Armstrong D, Lauritsen K, et al. Esomeprazole 20 mg vs pantoprazole 20 mg for maintenance therapy of healed erosive oesophagitis: results from the EXPO study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2005, 22: 803–11.

56. Devault KR, Johanson JF, Johnson DA, et al. Maintenance of healed erosive esophagitis: a randomized six-month comparison of esomeprazole twenty milligrams with lansoprazole fifteen milligrams. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol, 2006, 4: 852–9.

57. Park JH, H Park, Lee DH et al. A randomized, double blinded, clinical trial to assess the efficacy and cost effectiveness of omeprazole compared to rabeprazole in the maintenance therapy of patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease. J Neurogastroenterol Motil, 2013, 19(2): 219–226.

58. Bertilsson L. Geographical/interracial differences in polymorphic drug oxidation: current state of knowledge of cytochromes P450 (CYP) 2D6 and 2C19. Clin Pharmacokinet, 1995, 29: 192- 209.

59. Sjöstedt S, Befrits R, Sylvan A, et al Daily treatment with esomeprazole is superior to that taken on-demand for maintenance of healed erosive oesophagitis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2005, 22(3): 183-91.

60. Freedberg DE, Kim LS, Yang YX. The risks and benefits of long-term use of proton pump inhibitors: expert review and best practice advice from the American Gastroenterological Association. Gastroenterology, 2017, 152(4): 706- 715.

61. Lazarus B, Chen Y, Wilson FP, et al. Proton Pump Inhibitor Use and the Risk of Chronic Kidney Disease. JAMA Intern Med, 2016, 176: 238–246.

62. Xie Y, Bowe B, Li T, et al. Proton pump inhibitors and risk of incident CKD and progression to ESRD. J Am Soc Nephrol, 2016, 27: 3153-316.

63. Badiola N, Alcalde V, Pujol A, et al. The protonpump inhibitor lansoprazole enhances amyloid beta production. PLoS One, 2013, 8: e58837.

64. Haenisch B, von Holt K, Wiese B, et al. Risk of dementia in elderly patients with the use of proton pump inhibitors. Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci, 2015, 265: 419–428.

65. Gomm W, von Holt K, Thome F, et al. Association of Proton Pump Inhibitors With Risk of Dementia: A Pharmacoepidemiological Claims Data Analysis. JAMA Neurol, 2016, 73: 410–416.

66. Yang YX, Lewis JD, Epstein S, et al. Long-term proton pump inhibitor therapy and risk of hip fracture. JAMA, 2006, 296: 2947–2953.

67. Targownik LE, Leslie WD, Davison KS, et al. The relationship between proton pump inhibitor use and longitudinal change in bone mineral density: a population-based study from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study (CaMos). Am J Gastroenterol, 2012, 107: 1361–1369.

68. Maggio M, Lauretani F, Ceda GP, et al. Use of proton pump inhibitors is associated with lower trabecular bone density in older individuals. Bone, 2013, 57: 437–442.

69. Targownik L, Luo Y, Goertzen A, et al. Comparing Bone Structure and Bone Metabolism Between Long-Term Proton Pump Inhibitor Users and Non-Users. Gastroenterology, 2015, 148: S-153.

70. Bhatt DL, Cryer BL, Contant CF, et al. Clopidogrel with or without omeprazole in coronary artery disease. N Engl J Med, 2010, 363: 1909–1917.

71. Ghebremariam YT, LePendu P, Lee JC, et al. Unexpected effect of proton pump inhibitors: elevation of the cardiovascular risk factor asymmetric dimethylarginine. Circulation, 2013, 128: 845–853.

72. Shah NH, LePendu P, Bauer-Mehren A, et al. Proton Pump Inhibitor Usage and the Risk of Myocardial Infarction in the General Population. PLoS One, 2015, 10: e0124653.

73. Rosen R, Hu L, Amirault J, et al. 16S community profiling identifies proton pump inhibitor related differences in gastric, lung, and oro-pharyngeal microflora. J Pediatr, 2015, 166: 917–923.

74. Lambert AA, Lam JO, Paik JJ, et al. Risk of community acquired pneumonia with outpatient proton-pump inhibitor therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS One, 2015, 10: e0128004.

75. Scheiman JM, Devereaux PJ, Herlitz J, et al. Prevention of peptic ulcers with esomeprazole in patients at risk of ulcer development treated with low-dose acetylsalicylic acid: a rand-omized, controlled trial (OBERON). Heart, 2011, 97: 797–802.

76. Estborn L, Joelson S. Frequency and time to onset of community-acquired respiratory tract infections in patients receiving esomeprazole: a retrospective analysis of patient-level data in placebo-controlled studies. Aliment Pharmacol Ther, 2015, 42: 607–613.

77. O’Connell MB, Madden DM, Murray AM, et al. Effects of proton pump inhibitors on calcium carbonate absorption in women: a randomized crossover trial. American Journal of Medicine, 2005, 118: 778–781.

78. Ivanovich P, Fellows H, Rich C. The absorption of calcium carbonate. Ann Intern Med, 1967, 66: 917–923.

79. Serfaty-Lacrosniere C, Wood RJ, Voytko D, et al. Hypochlorhydria from short-term omeprazole treatment does not inhibit intestinal absorption of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium or zinc from food in humans. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 1995, 14: 364–368.

80. Stewart CA, Termanini B, Sutliff VE, et al. Iron absorption in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome treated with long-term gastric acid antisecretory therapy. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 1998, 12: 83–98.

81. Epstein M, McGrath S, Law F. Proton-pump inhibitors and hypomagnesemic hypoparathyroidism. N Engl J Med, 2006, 355: 1834–1836.

82. Lam JR, Schneider JL, Zhao W, et al. Proton pump inhibitor and histamine 2 receptor antagonist use and vitamin B12 deficiency. JAMA, 2013, 310: 2435–2442.


Просмотров: 122


Creative Commons License
Контент доступен под лицензией Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.


ISSN 2079-701X (Print)
ISSN 2658-5790 (Online)