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Патология костно-мышечной системы: фокус на саркопению и остеосаркопению

https://doi.org/10.21518/2079-701X-2019-4-78-86

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Аннотация

В течение последних 40 лет уделяется большое внимание состоянию мышечной ткани и ее функции у пожилых людей, что связано с повышенным риском падений и переломов в данной популяции лиц. В 1989 г. был предложен термин «саркопения» для обозначения снижения массы и силы скелетных мышц в процессе старения, а в 2010 г. Европейская рабочая группа по изучению саркопении представила определение и диагностические критерии данного состояния. В 2016 г. саркопении был присвоен код М62.84 для ее обозначения как заболевания мышц в МКБ-10. Статья знакомит читателей с классификацией, факторами риска и методами диагностики данного заболевания, представлены обновленные критерии его диагностики, а также дано определение понятия «остеосаркопения». Описаны возможные методы профилактики и лечения для улучшения качества жизни больных, страдающих саркопенией и остеосаркопенией.

Об авторах

Н. В. Торопцова
Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии имени В.А. Насоновой
Россия

Торопцова Наталья Владимировна - доктор медицинских наук, врач-ревматолог высшей квалификационной категории, заведующий лабораторией остеопороза отдела метаболических заболеваний костей и суставов.

115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, д. 34а; тел.: +7 (495) 109-29-10



А. Ю. Феклистов
Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение «Научно-исследовательский институт ревматологии имени В.А. Насоновой
Россия

Феклистов Алексей Юрьевич - младший научный сотрудник, врач-ревматолог лаборатории остеопороза отдела метаболических заболеваний костей и суставов.

115522, Москва, Каширское шоссе, д. 34а; тел.: +7 (495) 109-29-10



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Для цитирования:


Торопцова Н.В., Феклистов А.Ю. Патология костно-мышечной системы: фокус на саркопению и остеосаркопению. Медицинский Совет. 2019;(4):78-86. https://doi.org/10.21518/2079-701X-2019-4-78-86

For citation:


Toroptsova N.V., Feklistov A.Y. Musculoskeletal system pathology: focus on sarcopenia and osteosarcopenia. Meditsinskiy sovet = Medical Council. 2019;(4):78-86. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.21518/2079-701X-2019-4-78-86

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ISSN 2079-701X (Print)
ISSN 2658-5790 (Online)