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Дискуссионные вопросы профилактики целиакии

https://doi.org/10.21518/2079-701X-2015-14-119-122

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Аннотация

С момента формирования современных представлений о патогенезе целиакии стало активно обсуждаться значение средовых факторов в ее развитии. Наибольший интерес ученых привлекало возможное влияние характера вскармливания ребенка в раннем возрасте на риск развития заболевания. В статье авторами проанализированы исследования, опубликованные в течение последних 15 лет, демонстрирующие изменение представлений о роли грудного вскармливания и сроков введения глю-тенсодержащих продуктов в патогенезе глютеновой энтеропатии. Результаты последних опубликованных крупных контролируемых исследований позволили достоверно показать, что возможность выработки оральной толерантности к глютену при целиакии как генетически детерминированном заболевании невозможно, при этом риск и сроки дебюта заболевания в первую очередь обусловлены особенностями генотипа пациентов.

Об авторах

И. Н. Захарова
Российская медицинская академия последипломного образования
Россия


Ю. А. Дмитриева
Российская медицинская академия последипломного образования
Россия


Л. Я. Климов
Ставропольский государственный медицинский университет
Россия


Ф. С. Дзебисова
Российская медицинская академия последипломного образования
Россия


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ISSN 2079-701X (Print)
ISSN 2658-5790 (Online)