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Пазопаниб в терапии распространенного почечноклеточного рака

https://doi.org/10.21518/2079-701X-2018-19-90-94

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Аннотация

Пазопаниб – пероральный мультикиназный ингибитор, применяемый при распространенном раке почки в большинстве стран мира. Пазопаниб блокирует рецепторы тирозинкиназ, участвующих в опухолевом ангиогенезе и пролиферации, включая VEGF, фактор роста, исходящий из тромбоцитов (PDGF), и фактор роста стволовых клеток c-Kit, что приводит к ингибированию ангиогенеза, роста и пролиферации опухолевых клеток. В клинических испытаниях пазопаниб демонстрировал преимущество в БПВ по сравнению с плацебо у ранее не леченных больных и пациентов, получавших цитокины, а также отсутствие ущерба БПВ по сравнению с сунитинибом в первой линии терапии светлоклеточного ПКР групп хорошего и промежуточного прогноза. Кроме того, пазопаниб продемонстрировал лучший профиль безопасности, чем сунитиниб. Результаты применения пазопаниба в широкой клинической практике согласуются с данными рандомизированных исследований, подтверждая высокую эффективность данного препарата в сочетании с хорошей переносимостью даже у пациентов, не соответствующих общепринятым критериям включения в клинические испытания.

Об авторах

М. И. Волкова
ФГБУ «Национальный медицинский исследовательский центр онкологии им. Н.Н. Блохина» Минздрава России, Москва
Россия
д.м.н., в.н.с. отделения урологии


А. С. Ольшанская
ФГБОУ ВО «Российский национальный исследовательский медицинский университет им. Н.И. Пирогова», Москва
Россия
аспирант кафедры онкологии


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ISSN 2079-701X (Print)
ISSN 2658-5790 (Online)